Whenever you hear Agra, the first flash of image is invariably is of Taj Mahal. One of the Seven Wonders of the World is the mausoleum of a glorious structure symbolising love and pain like no other monument does.
Here are some of the interesting facts celebrating this architectural brilliance:-
Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal
Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan’s third wife was Mumtaz who died in the process of giving birth to the fourteenth child of the emperor in 1631. Broken after her death, the ruler had a terrible impact of the demise upon him.
The construction time
Construction work for Taj Mahal began in 1632 after the death of Empress Mumtaz. In the year 1653 the work was completed, which means it took almost 22 years to get it done. A whopping sum of Rs. 32 million was invested which sums up to more than $1 billion in today’s currency.
Ahmed Lahauri was the architect behind all the magic of creating this world wonder. More than 20,000 people were put into work who including painters, stonecutters, labourers, embroidery artists, and calligraphers were involved. More than 1000 elephants were employed to transport the stones and materials.
The magnificent edifice is bounded on three sides by red stone walls and the rest of the architecture is of white marble. Best quality marbles were brought from Rajasthan, Tibet, Afghanistan, and China. More than 28 different types of precious and semi-precious stones, including the striking lapis lazuli, were inlaid into the marble.
Inscriptions on the monument
Being dedicated to Mumtaz, there is calligraphy all over the interior and exterior all over the architecture. Among other patterns and holy inscriptions, there are inscription which praises the queen. There are 99 names of Allah found on the sides of the actual tomb depicting Taj Mahal to be Mumtaz’s home in the paradise.
The Taj Mahal is one of the world’s most symmetrical structures. Perfectly identical sides it is built on the principles of self-replication and symmetry in geometry and architecture. It thus creates a mirrored image on either side. However, the two tombs inside are unequal in size. The four minarets were prudently built slightly outside of the plinth, so that if they fell, they would fall outside, and not upon the main structure.
The Taj Mahal radiates different colours at different times of the day and all thanks to its reflection capacity. In the early morning, it assumes a shy pinkish hue, which turns to a glowing white as the day rolls on, and turns a burnished golden at night in the moonlight. The change in mood is said to be analogous to the mood of a woman.