The Hawa Mahal is a beautiful many-windowed extension of the City Palace and it is said to have a resemblance to the structure of bee hive. It is an iconic structure since the time of its establishment, 1799, and the pink sandstone palace is considered to be one of the finest examples of Rajput architecture in Rajasthan.
Significantly, it got a name in English too – The Palace of Wind. It is because of the outstanding inner cross ventilation system even at the core of the palace. If you happen to visit Hawa Mahal in the scorching summer, the cool breeze will still find you, no matter where you are inside it. No doubt, it is a must to visit in Jaipur sightseeing. Though after the renovation, the windows are no longer passing wind through the lattices.
Hawa Mahal Tour
1. The palace actually acts as an optical illusion from the street level – it appears a huge and massive construction but ultimately it is just an extension of City Palace.
2. The Hawa Mahal covers 5 storeys and they all are signifiers of both Hindu Deity Lord Krishna and a long tail of peacock which implicates to royalty and empowerment.
3. The palace was designed in 1799 by architect Lalchand Usta under the reign of Maharaj Sawai Pratap Singh Marah as an extension of his zenana part of the harem.
4. In 1876, the Hawa Mahal was refurbished with Calcium Oxide paint to give it a distinct pink color (and you already know Jaipur is famous as ‘Pink City’).
5. The small lattice windows were angled to the main city market and central concourse.
The forceful separation of the wives of Maharaja was known as ‘Purdah’ though instead of heavy curtain, the king used marble grills that covered each of the small windows of the balconies called ‘jharokhas’. Visit Hawa Mahal to see the stunning lattice work and view close the skilled craftsmanship of the builders.